Timothy was Paul's missionary companion in the same way Jesus sent disciples out in pairs. If Paul didn’t write the letter, who did? The book presents Christ as the final High Priest and eloquently explains the Old Testament sacrificial system in light of the atonement of Christ. “Both Luke and the author of Hebrews are described by most New Testament scholars as the most literary writers of the New Testament” (139). So what are his arguments for the case of Lukan authorship of Hebrews? Certain Bibles have titled the book “The… Tertullian thought Barnabas wrote Hebrews. Internal evidence on authorship (is Hebrews an epistle or treatise?) Totally Awesome. 3. this sermon appears identical to the sermon given by J… Or that it may have been written as a sermon first and then sent around to churches? “He (Clement) says that the Epistle to the Hebrews is the work of Paul, and that it was written to the Hebrews in the Hebrew language; but that Luke translated it carefully and published it for the Greeks, and hence the same style of expression is found in this epistle (Hebrews) and in the Acts (written by Luke c. 60’s to 80’s AD).” Biblical scholars argue that Hebrews was written by a highly educated teacher, one who was well acquainted with the various philosophical debates of the day. And even if Luke wasn’t the unnamed disciple, he is the one who gives us the most detailed account of the Emmaus event, showing a knowledge and interest in this amazing exposition Jesus gave about how all the Scriptures pointed to and found their fulfillment in him. 2. For example, Paul always writes of Jesus' sacrifice being on Earth. It also stimulates the reader to use Allen’s research to think for themselves. Luke is doing so much more than telling a story in his Luke-Acts narratives. What I only hinted at then is my cockamamie housewife theologian theory. And, as such, Hebrews 2:3 contradicts what Paul says in Galatians 1:11–12 and, thus, suggests that Paul did not write Hebrews. It is possible Paul wrote the book of Hebrews. And although we will probably not know the identity of this writer with 100% surety in this life, I have just learned a wealth of information from Allen in the process of discovery. . In short, Hebrews 2:3 talks about the author and his audience’s initial evangelization. Not only did Irenaeus teach that Matthew’s Gospel was first written in the Hebrew dialect, he also provided the order in which all four of the Gospels were written. Whoever wrote Hebrews must have been well known to those early Christians. Why did Luke stop writing Acts in Rome before Paul was acquitted in late 61AD? Martin Luther believed it was Apollos. Date and destination 3. ( Log Out /  4:12a). But, without sacrificing the academic integrity of his work, Allen has written accessibly enough for an interested lay person such as myself. For many years I have been curious about who wrote Hebrews, and I prayed for God to show someone? The epistle to the Hebrews he asserted was written by Paul to the Hebrews in the Hebrew tongue, but it was carefully translated by Luke and published among the Greeks since one finds the same character of style and of phraseology in the epistle as in the Acts: “But it is probable that the title, Paul the Apostle, was not prefixed to it. When Did Luke Write? Allen gives us much more than a theory on the writer of Hebrews. My own theory is that Luke-Acts-Hebrew is … I suggest that he later completed this postponed work and it is the Epistle to the Hebrews. Clement of Alexandria suggests that Paul wrote the book originally in Hebrew and that Luke translated it into Greek, though the Greek of Hebrews bears no resemblance to … It is possible Luke worked with Paul and penned it but that is the only thing in doubt. Did you know that the book of Hebrews is the second-most doctrine-heavy book of the New Testament? THE AUTHORSHIP OF HEBREWS or DID PAUL WRITE HEBREWS? Friday, March 29, 2013, The Surprising Transformation of the Disciples of Jesus. I used to think Barnabas was the author, but since Barnabas was an early Christian and the author of Hebrews is a second-generation Christian, I no longer think that is the case. by Shawn Brasseaux Various church fathers and theologians down through the ages have speculated as to the writer of the book of Hebrews. The most plausible suggestion is that this was actually a sermon Paul gave and it was transcribed later by Luke, a person who would have had the command of the Greek language which the writer shows. Therefore the … Whoever wrote Hebrews says in Hebrews 2:3 that he was a second generation Christian. The King James Version of the Bible titles this book “The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Hebrews.” Many of the church fathers believed that Paul wrote Hebrews in the Hebrew or Aramaic language. By doing this, he gets 1,000 more credibility points. ( Log Out /  Change ). He gives us a polite scholarly smack down. I was too embarrassed. Paul wrote Hebrews. Since it mentions “Timothy” as a companion, it is written “from Italy,” and it has essentially the same theology as Galatians, it is presumed to a prison epistle of Saint Paul – perhaps penned by Saint Luke on the Apostle’s behalf. Eusebius also reports Origen believed Paul wrote Hebrews but also said there was a tradition held by "others" that Luke was the writer: But who wrote the Epistle in truth, God knows. The historical reconstruction that he gives at the end of the book is also conceivable. Why I Believe Paul Did Not Write Hebrews Preface Every book in the New Testament section of the Bible has a human author (i.e., a man who either wrote the revelation down himself, or spoke it to a scribe who did) assigned to it except one,1 the letter to the Hebrews. Ahem, I mean, they are historical (yep, some fellers in the early church suspected Luke), linguistic (“lexical, stylistic, and textlinguistic evidence), theological, and, drum roll…pretty darn convincing that Luke was in fact a Jew, and not the Gentile that modern scholars have made him out to be. A writer would do well just studying the prologues of Luke, Acts, and Hebrews. Whether one agrees with Allen’s conclusions or not, they will definitely have to wrestle with his work. Although it’s merely a theory, some people believe the unnamed disciple to be Luke. In all likelihood, I believe Luke to have been the author of the book. There are at least five statements in Hebrews that prove Paul didn't write Hebrews, and several proofs that Silas wrote Hebrews. The Epistle to the Hebrew is anonymous. It is Paul’s theology… and continues his logic. Reasons to conclude that Jesus wrote this book are: 1. the author quotes Jesus in the first person: "Then I said, ‘Behold, I have come to do your will, O God, as it is written of me in the scroll of the book.’” 2. the author makes observations about Jesus that only Jesus himself could make, and does so in the present perfect progressive tense to convey his ongoing presence at the time, such as "in every respect [Jesus] has been tempted as we are, yet without sin." Some parts were amazingly convincing, like the chiastic framework of all three books, the similarities in their prologues, the use of vocabulary, and the comparison of Acts 7 and Hebrews 11. You see, after teaching Hebrews for the last year (or so), I couldn’t shake the suspicion that we were getting something very similar to the “explanation” Jesus gave to the two disciples on the way to Emmaus. A writer would do well just studying the prologues of Luke, Acts, and Hebrews. Log in, Written by Aimee Byrd | The debate has been going on for a long time. WHO WROTE THE BOOK OF HEBREWS? If I were asked my personal opinion, I w… Scholars have noted that Paul’s first Roman imprisonment is mentioned at the end of Acts (Acts 28:30) so the earliest date for Acts being written could be 62AD. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. So with all that preliminary stuff out of the way… WHO WROTE THE BOOK OF HEBREWS? Because of where it's placed following Paul's epistles, and some of the A writer would do well just studying the prologues of Luke, Acts, and Hebrews. I also found Allen’s notion on the identity of Theophilus and the recipients of Hebrews as converted high priests to be quite interesting. He has thrown a respectable pitch into the discussion and wondrous study regarding the writer to the masterpiece of Hebrews. When the internal evidence is examined, it overcomes easily issues of style. Yet the account that has reached us, some saying that Clement, bishop of Rome, wrote the Epistle, and others that it was Luke, the one who wrote the Gospel and Acts. *(This article was first posted in March, 2013. He “plays the ball” of the argument, and gives both opposing and supporting scholarly arguments their playing time. It’s easier to read a scholarly work when the passion of the author is apparent. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The Epistle to the Hebrews presents many moot problems. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. And yet, Allen doesn’t let this passion take the front seat. Let us commence. But now, thanks to David Allen, I am going loud and proud. Luke's writings (Luke and Acts) are noticibly written in better Greek than almost all the other NT texts, certainly better than the letters of the Apostle Paul. Luke’s purpose to writing to Theophilus in his two-volume work seems to be the same as the sermon to the Hebrews: to motivate him to persevere in the faith by explaining how “Christianity is the fulfillment of the Old Testament hope of Israel” (176). While the book includes a “paradigm composed of several hypotheses,” the crux of the argument is that Luke, the physician and companion of the apostle Paul, wrote both Luke-Acts and the epistle to the Hebrews (p. 8). Based on the writing, I began to wonder if it was Luke, as the Greek of Luke-Acts and Hebrews are so perfect. 2. Some have suggested that Luke was its writer. Luke is doing so much more than telling a story in his Luke-Acts narratives. Letter to the Hebrews, New Testament letter traditionally attributed to St. Paul the Apostle but now widely believed to be the work of another Jewish Christian, perhaps one of Paul’s associates. Note that the order is in harmony with how the Gospels are arranged in the Canon and not in line with modern liberal theories. Author, speaker, thinker, old school blogger. “Both Luke and the author of Hebrews are described by most New Testament scholars as the most literary writers of the New Testament” (139). I have a whole new appreciation for Luke—doctor, historian, and linguistic master. Just saying. The purpose of David L. Allen’s Lukan Authorship of Hebrews is self-explanatory. “Both Luke and the author of Hebrews are described by most New Testament scholars as the most literary writers of the New Testament” (139). Paul's letters are decent Greek, but if you compare Paul's Greek with the text of Hebrews you see a real difference. 2) The emphasis of theology is different. A while back ago, I wrote an article about my top three questions I have when I get to heaven. Jude started to write an epistle about the “salvation” he shared in common with his readers but changed to writing his shorter epistle (Jude 3). I’m happily persuaded, especially with my underlying, biased theory. so this too must be deduced. Luke is doing so much more than telling a story in his Luke-Acts narratives. They theorize that the stylistic differences from Paul’s other letters are attributed to his writing in Hebrew to the Hebrews, and that the letter was translated into Greek by Luke. Of course, I want it to be true. But now scholars are almost of one mind that Paul did NOT write it. It’s inspiring. “For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword” (Heb. ( Log Out /  ... Paul did write more books, but the two books Luke wrote (the Gospel of Luke and the Book of Acts) are longer than all those books combined. Who wrote the book of Hebrews? Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. But let’s move on to this wonderful, well-written book. If there are any smarticle (my daughter’s word) people who are reading this post, I’m sure you will benefit from Allen’s work much more than I did, but I am very grateful for the education it gave me. A writer would do well just studying the prologues of Luke, Acts, and Hebrews. 1. Eusebius also summarized Clement of Alexandria’s opinion regarding these problems: “The epistle to the Hebrews he [Clement] attributes to Paul but says that it was written in Hebrew for Hebrews and then carefully translated by Luke for the Greeks. One thing about this book that really impressed me is the tone. As far back as the third century, Origen3 wrote: “In the epistle entitled To the Hebrews the diction does not exhibit the characteristic roughness of speech or phraseology admitted by the Apostle [Paul] himself, the construction of the sentences is closer to the Greek usage, as anyone capable of recognizing differences of style would agree . The most reasonable explanation, recognized early in Church history, is Paul wrote Hebrews. Then, under divine guidance, it was translated into Greek by Luke … It’s a pretty exciting read for theological dorks like me. The letter itself does not indicate who the writer was. In interacting with the opposition, he doesn’t discredit the people, he takes their work seriously and even concedes to other possibilities. What if the mystery disciple on the road to Emmaus was also the writer to the Hebrews? Luke is doing so much more than telling a story in his Luke-Acts narratives. We do not know who wrote the book of Hebrews, though it appears that it was probably Paul. Allen is confident enough in his work to reveal the solid evidence, be honest about the educated guesses, as well as reveal which arguments are based more on creativity and possibilities rather than absolute certainty. Allen also looks at the main candidates for Hebrew’s authorship (with the presupposition of the Holy Spirit’s inspiration) like Paul, Barnabas, and Apollos, and highlights where they are wanting. In fact, in the KJV, you’ll find… Until about 200 years ago it was widely believed that Paul wrote Hebrews. ), Categories: Book Reviews•Tags: David Allan, Lukan Authorship of Hebrews•. The writer of Hebrews specifically says that he was taught by an apostle (Hebrews 2:3). In the end, though, God knows. When he is breaking down Greek phrases, along with the use of Greek present tense form, well, I kind of have to take his word for it. I doubt Allen had housewife theologians in mind when he wrote this almost 400 page, scholarly hardback. Some of them are in conjunction with the question of authorship, which we shall consider under the following divisions: 1. As evidence of Priscilla’s skill, Luke did not hesitate to record her capabilities as a teacher of the great orator Apollos. “Both Luke and the author of Hebrews are described by most New Testament scholars as the most literary writers of the New Testament” (139). The early church thought he did. - Hebrews 4:11–13 Throughout most of church history, there has been some question as to the identity of the writer of Hebrews. Hebrews infographic. And I can only review it as an inquiring lay person. ( Log Out /  In chapter one, Allen discusses how the church viewed the authorship of Hebrews from the early fathers to the … Neither the Gospel of Luke nor The Book of Acts indicates when they were written. 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